10 Skin Problems You Should Not Scratch
There is no doubt that the itchiness on the skin can make you absolutely uncomfortable, but sometimes giving in to the itching and clawing your nails desperately can worsen the skin situation, causing the inflammatory response of your body to increase even more. Here are 10 skin problems that really should not be scratched:
The outer layer of the skin is called the stratum corneum, and may become occasionally dry due to the scarcity of special lipids that act as a barrier to the skin. Although scratching your dry skin may temporarily relieve the itching, it will surely further damage the outer layer of the skin. Remedy the itchiness caused by dry skin when taking cold (instead of hot) baths and apply an ointment or moisturizer while your skin is still moist.
A mosquito bite causes your immune system to detect the insect’s saliva, immediately causing the release of histamines. With this, you will feel a desperate urge to scratch more than a simple mosquito bite. Thrombids, which are mites found in forests or grassy areas, can also release an enzyme in the skin that corrodes the tissue and causes cells on the surface of the skin to harden and scratch. Last but not least, there are fire ants, which release a poison that causes pus-filled blisters and a lot of itching. If you are bitten or touched by any of these insects, cool the affected area with a block of ice or apply an anti-cough cream.
Wounds that are almost (but not totally) cured
Cuts and scratches do not scratch until they are well at the end of the healing process. This is part of the body’s natural inflammatory response because the nerves are damaged when the skin is injured. Their strands intersect as a result, causing an itchy feeling. Scratching an almost healed wound can prolong the healing process or worsen scars. Try applying alcohol or something refreshing to avoid scratching.
Sunburn is horrible in itself, but the itching that sets in as a result of it is also terrible. In fact, it is so aggravating that many people refer to it as the worst of itches. Sunburns cause high inflammatory response of the body. Although the nerves in the skin are not damaged due to sunburn, they get irritated, which causes itching. Aloe vera gel is a great way to calm an itchy sunburn, while cortisone cream can help relieve inflammation.
Eczema is usually used to refer to atopic dermatitis, a condition in which the outer layer of skin does not function properly. The effect is the same regardless of the cause: itching. It can be incredibly hard to resist scratching, but you really do need to try because this could lead to the development of nodular prurigo, which is the formation of larger irritations.
You can remedy this by using cold compresses and hypoallergenic thick creams, but if the itching is still unbearable, then you need to see a doctor, who will probably prescribe it with a strong steroid to break the rough skin along with antihistamines to calming the inflammation.
A highly hyperactive immune system is responsible for psoriasis, causing the body to produce cells at a very rapid rate. This causes the new cells to be pushed to the surface in just three days. The process usually takes from 28 to 30 days.
The resulting redness and scaling are caused by dead skin cells that can not get rid of quickly enough to keep up with the growth of new skin cells. As you can imagine, psoriasis causes a very strong itch. If you have psoriasis, relieve the symptoms by moisturizing, but your doctor may also prescribe special treatments such as ultraviolet light therapy and prescription medications.
A subcategory of eczema, irritants or allergens, are often the causes of contact dermatitis, which cross the outer layer of the skin and cause immediate inflammation. This inflammation eventually leads to a rash at the point of contact or somewhere else on the skin. Resist the urge to scratch if you want to avoid bleeding, infection and itching even more intense. Calm the itch with a cold compress, hydrocortisone cream or antiallergic medication.
Dandruff is caused by a fungus called malassezia. In fact, this fungus lives on everyone’s scalp, but causes irritation and over-growth of skin cells in those who develop dandruff. The problem is that dandruff can scratch a lot. If you happen to have dandruff, use an anti-dandruff shampoo that will help manage the fungus’s action. A dermatologist may recommend something stronger if a shampoo does not work.
The athlete’s foot does much more than cause scaly skin, as the fungus can also cause the soles of the feet (and the skin between the toes) to really dry out and start to scratch a lot, not to mention that they turn red . Scratching the athlete’s foot will result in cracking, infection and potentially spreading the fungus to other parts of your body. Treat it with antifungal cream and if you do not, consult your doctor for a more powerful solution.
Having hemorrhoids is never an easy thing to deal with and treat. They are caused by swollen veins on the surface of the mucous membrane of the lower rectum and in the anus, leaving excess itching in the skin when they dissolve. It is necessary to refrain from scratching so as not to instigate and worsen the itching. An over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream can help improve as well as witch hazel pads or ice packs. Also be careful when cleaning up after a bowel movement, because being too rude can only make it worse.