8 hygiene habits in children and adults!
8 habits to maintain good personal hygiene
1- Wash your hands often
Hands are one of the main sources when contracting and spreading infections. It is very important to take some preventive hygiene measures, performing a proper hand washing before eating or after going to the bathroom. This toilet should be increased when we are sick or when we come into contact with someone who is sick.
According to the Globalhandwashing organization , more than one million children die each year from diseases such as pneumonia or diarrhea , diseases that can be prevented with good hand hygiene.
Washing hands with soap is an easy way to prevent infections and a cheap and, for the most part, accessible method for everyone.
It is important to wash your hands correctly. I put as an example the procedure established an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services of the United States, the Organization of Centers for Control and Disease Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC).
This organization says that there are several key moments in which you have to wash your hands, in addition to those cited above. For example, when caressing an animal, before, during and after cooking or touching the garbage.
The proper process for hand washing according to the CDC is divided into four steps:
- Wet your hands with clean water, either warm or cold, turn off the tap and apply soap.
- Rub hands with soap, lathering, joining palm to palm and then to the back of the hand, as well as between fingers and nails. This process should last at least 20 seconds.
- Rinse hands under tap water.
- Dry your hands with a paper towel or under a dryer.
Hand hygiene is not only very important in daily activity, but increasingly there are more protocols and policies to extend good hygiene of this part of the body among health professionals.
According to the World Health Organization, thousands of patients die every day from infections resulting from the treatment of health professionals.
In addition to water and soap, there is an alcohol-based disinfectant that the skin absorbs without needing to be rinsed. These disinfectants are very useful to take them to the street or somewhere where there is no bathroom nearby. However, the most useful method remains the traditional one, since this substance does not eliminate all types of germs.
2- Keep your skin clean and hydrated
To have a good body hygiene it is advisable to shower once a day. Although it is usually believed that the shower is the best remedy to maintain good hygiene, we must take it with caution, because there are some habits that can harm the health of our skin.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology , children aged 6 to 11 do not have to shower daily, but a minimum of once or twice a week and when they sweat or get dirty from physical activity or from swimming somewhere. public.
It is from adolescence when the rite of a daily shower is established. Although this activity usually provides many psychological benefits, it is not so much for our skin if the right products are not used.
Too much hygiene, the chemical components of the products or too high a water temperature can promote the appearance of skin conditions such as dry skin or atopic dermatitis.
Cleaning products or neutral soaps help to maintain the pH of the skin better than soap. The important thing, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, is that the soaps that are used do not contain alcohol or some type of fragrance.
After the shower, it is very important to dry well with a towel and wash it frequently to avoid the appearance of fungi due to accumulated humidity.
Finally, it is very important to keep the skin hydrated with creams or lotions, in the case of those who suffer from dry skin up to two or three times a day.
Other advice given by the American Academy of Dermatology is the care of the skin of the lips and hands, with the use of Vaseline and gloves respectively.
3- Wash your teeth correctly
The mouth is one of the parts that more feeling of good or bad hygiene causes in others. A poorly maintained mouth can lead to the appearance of decay, tooth loss, bad breath or diseases such as periodontitis .
It is advisable to brush your teeth two or three times a day, after each meal and especially in the morning and before bedtime, since during the night the bacterial activity is more prolonged. This process must occur after 20 or 30 minutes after the ingestion of food and should last about three minutes.
Dr. Bonner reports in The Oral Health Bible that an electric toothbrush is more effective than a manual toothbrush.
Another element that should not be forgotten is the brushing of the tongue, here bacteria also accumulate.
4- Take good care of your feet
Cleaning and daily care of the feet is very important, especially for diabetics who, in this way, can prevent the appearance of ulcers on the feet. Although those who suffer from this disease should always have medical advice.
Some steps for a correct cleaning of the feet are:
- Wash your feet daily with soap and water, affecting the space between your fingers.
- Dry the feet well with a towel, insisting again between the fingers to avoid the appearance of cracks.
- Properly hydrate the feet, in this case do not apply the cream between the fingers.
- Wear comfortable shoes that fit the shape of our foot.
It is also advisable to avoid walking barefoot in public places such as municipal swimming pools or common bathrooms, to avoid the appearance of fungi.
5- Your intimate hygiene must be adequate
Maintaining good hygiene in the genital parts not only prevents bad odor, but also fungal infections, especially in the case of women. In addition, a good intimate cleansing is essential when having sex.
Both men and women should change their underwear frequently and wash their intimate area daily. The most advisable clothing is cotton. In the case of women, candidiasis is common, so the use of special soaps is very important.
The vagina should not be washed more than twice a day and should be dried, without rubbing, from front to back to avoid infections by bacteria such as Escherichia coli , present in the anus and feces.
Hygiene measures should be increased during menstruation with a frequent change of compresses or tampons. It is also not advisable to abuse the use of sanitary napkins or panty liners, since they promote urinary infections and vaginal candidiasis .
In turn, men should be especially careful with the dirt that accumulates in the glans.
6- Get healthy, clean and shiny hair
The hair should be washed two or three times a week. It should also be washed daily in the case of people with oily scalps, or those who practice a lot of sports or sweat excessively.
In the case of dry hair it is advisable to use oils and masks to hydrate the hair. It is advisable to cut your hair frequently to ensure a strong and healthy hair growth, preventing hair from becoming brittle.
Children should be monitored especially to avoid the spread of lice or to treat it in time.
7- Wear clean clothes
Clothing is like another layer of skin that also accumulates bacteria, both from our body and from the outside. In addition to underwear, which must be changed daily, it is advisable to change clothes frequently, especially after showering.
This, in addition to making you feel better, prevents you from infections caused by bacteria that can accumulate clothes. The change should be more frequent in summer, as you sweat more. With regard to sweat, it is good that they are breathable garments, especially footwear.
8- Pay attention to your personal care
With personal care I mean to take the nails well cut, to the correct cleaning after going to the bathroom, and to the cleaning of the facial area. When it comes to cutting the nails, we must take into account some tips:
Cut the toenails straight, never rounded to allow the new nail to grow well.
Do not get too close to the skin, in this way unnecessary cuts are avoided.
When talking about the cleanliness of the face, again we must take into account the type of skin, if it is sensitive, dry or with acne . Today there are many different products to obtain a more complete cleaning of the facial area.
Special care must be taken with the nose, which should be cleaned frequently, especially when there is mucus. The best way to wash the nose is with the mixture of water and salt or with physiological saline.
Another important part is the ears, the most advisable form are the drops or go to a specialist if there is too much wax, but never introduce sticks.
The eyes are cleaned with their own tears, although there is a great diversity of eye drops to combat dryness in a complementary way. In any case, soap should never be introduced into the eye organ. If this happens accidentally, rinse with plenty of water.
Finally, shaving and waxing are two aesthetic elements that have an impact on the sensation of personal hygiene, although special care must be taken with genital depilation, since it can affect diseases such as the Human Papilloma Virus .