9 Methods to Avoid Hospital Infection
Many lives were saved in hospitals. But, as an infectious disease doctor points out, hospitals can also make people sick. Hospitals are a source of infection, and it is essential for a visitor or patient to do everything possible to prevent disease from spreading.
Every year, 20 million people in the United States get norovirus, which causes vomiting and diarrhea. This disease spreads at an accelerated rate as billions of virus particles are released and all it really takes to infect us is just a few dozen threads. Hospitals generally have found a way to avoid such problems. They identify potential infectious patients quickly and isolate them. They are placed in rooms where the airflow can not infect other people if the infection is in the air. Gloves, masks, eye shields are used to prevent a patient from transmitting infections to other people.
But what more a patient or visitor can do to prevent infections from spreading is:
Wash your hands
Using soap and water, or a 60% alcohol hand sanitizer, reduces the spread or spread of infections. This should be done before and after seeing a patient. It’s easy to do, but easy to forget.
Do not touch the face
We tend to put our hands on our face many times a day, possibly up to 15 times an hour. This spreads bacteria from our hands to the nose and mouth, spreading fecal-oral and respiratory bacteria from diarrheal diseases to colds.
Patients are hospitalized because their immune systems can not cope with other infections. Keep in mind that what may be a simple flu for you may end up killing another person. There are times when health professionals spread vaccinable infections to their patients, so it is important that we are vaccinated, ensuring the protection of the most vulnerable.
Stay home if you are sick
If you are sick, avoid visiting patients. If you can not, make sure that the sneezing is covered by a tissue or sleeve of the shirt.
Other steps you can take to reduce the risk to health care professionals and yourself:
Each year, about 385,000 health professionals are bitten by a needle or other sharp object. This means that the risk of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C or other diseases is possible, albeit low. It is also a risk that no one should have to accept. You can help further by doing the following:
Never get in the way of a nurse
Needle risks for nurses and physicians increase with distractions. Medical professionals need to focus and should not answer questions when they are doing a procedure.
Boxes of sharp objects: if it is written, do not touch, obey
Inside every room of any major hospital there is a box or dustbin designed for sharp objects like needles and scalpels. This protects the maintenance staff and everyone. Sometimes someone throws something like that in an ordinary trash can. But the needles do not pinch and may stick on you.
Resistance to antibiotics
Bacteria have been combated with antibiotics since 1928, but doctors and scientists have seen bacteria recover. They appear to have a variety of genes that resist antibiotics. If we can reduce infections and use antibiotics, we can reduce drug resistance.
Antibiotics: take as needed and prescribed only
When it comes to antibiotics, remember that if you need them, then use and, if not, avoid. Whenever you need them, you need to take only the full amount prescribed by the doctor. Overuse of antibiotics (and underutilization) leads to resistance and other infections that grow when other bacteria are exterminated with antibiotics.
Extra control of infection
We need to be wary not only of the visible infection, but also of what we unconsciously carry, including drug-resistant bacteria. Therefore, take extra precautions by regularly washing your hands when visiting patients with these infections.