Protect Your Vision With These 10 Tips!
If you’ve never had problems with your eyes, then you probably have not thought much about how to treat your eyes well. However, since they are among our most important organs, it is never too early to start taking care of them. Here we give you 10 tips to start taking care of your eyes.
1. Protect your eyes from the sun.
The skin around your eyes is very thin and susceptible to ultraviolet radiation. Different types of skin cancer, such as carcinoma and melanoma, can form on your eyelids and around your eyes, which can cause a lot of damage to the eye structure.
Your sunglasses are also important, and you should buy a pair that provides 100% protection against UVA and UVB rays, since both can stimulate the problems that cause macular degeneration and cataracts, both common causes of blindness.
2. What you eat matters
Eating well is the best way to ensure proper eye care, says Rebecca Taylor, MD, an ophthalmologist at Nashville Vision Associates in Tennessee, and a spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology. It also says that you should try to get most of your nutrients from food.
Green leafy vegetables provide your body with the nutrients zeaxanthin and lutein, which have been shown to reduce the risk of eye diseases. The vitamin A contained in orange and yellow vegetables also improves eye health, while certain fruits, such as mangoes, oranges and strawberries, give the eyes a healthy dose of vitamin C and other antioxidants.
3. Comprehensive eye exams detect vision problems at an early stage.
Getting an eye exam regularly is the best way to detect a variety of eye problems, such as glaucoma or diabetic eye disease. Most people with eye problems, or people over 65, should see their ophthalmologist at least once a year to make sure their eyesight has not changed at all. People between 40 and 55 years old should have an eye exam every 2 to 4 years, while people between 55 and 65 should have an exam every 1 to 3 years.
4. Smoking now can cause eye problems later
“Reduce tobacco,” says Taylor. Smoking causes cyanide to enter the bloodstream, which is known to kill eye cells. Smoking puts you at greater risk of developing cataracts and will dry your eyes. In addition, it also increases the risk of developing macular degeneration, which is an incurable condition that damages the ocular vision of the center, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
5. Working on a computer all day can reserve eyes
According to Steven Loomis, OD, of Roxborough Park, Colorado, president of the American Optometric Association, one of the most common symptoms of dry eyes is a crying eye. This is due to the deterioration of oily and mucous layers, which prevents the evaporation of tears, which causes the eye to compensate producing more water. Dry eyes can also be caused by certain medications, such as antidepressants, inflammation or even hormonal changes.
To treat dry eyes, try the 20-20-20 rule, recommended by the Mayo Clinic: every 20 minutes, spend 20 seconds looking at something that is at least 20 feet away. A warm compress may also help, as can artificial tears that help you cope with tired eyes.
6. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the United States.
The prevention of diabetes is the most effective way to avoid diabetic retinopathy, which is considered the most common cause of blindness in the United States. In fact, 60% of patients with type II diabetes will end up developing it, while almost all people with type I diabetes will end up developing it.
Although no symptoms appear in their early stages, it is very important to detect retinopathy as soon as possible. Over time, your vision may fog up and you may end up completely blind. Controlling blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure can keep you from getting worse. This condition can be treated by laser surgery, which can decrease the chances of additional blindness.
7. After 60, macular degeneration is a major cause of blindness.
Macular degeneration occurs when the eye tissue begins to degenerate, leading to blurred vision or loss of vision in the center of the eye. There are two different types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. If the loss of vision is caused by fluid in the retina, eye injections can treat it.
Unfortunately, most cases are dry, for which there is no treatment available. Risk factors for macular degeneration include smoking, family history of the condition, deficiencies of lutein and zeaxanthin, and no sunglasses.
8. Cataracts are common but highly treatable.
Cataracts are a typical part of aging and usually appear around the age of sixty. Typical signs of a cataract include seeing discolored colors, blurred vision, glare, double vision, and reduced night vision. Cataracts are related to exposure to UV radiation or certain types of radiation therapy, such as those used in the treatment of cancer. Certain medications such as prednisone may also increase the risk of developing cataracts. Luckily, cataracts are often very easy to cure.
9. Damage to the optic nerve causes glaucoma
Glaucoma is famous for being secret and insidious, and the only way to detect it is through an eye exam. It occurs when the pressure builds up and begins to damage the optic nerve. The condition progresses very slowly, Loomis says, and it can take years for nerve damage to become severe enough to cause vision problems.
The risk is greater for diabetics or those with a family history. In most cases, the treatment includes a daily drop to reduce eye pressure. If the drops do not provide a tangible improvement, then surgery may be the only option left.
10. Your eyes say a lot about your health.
Your eyes really act as an indicator of your general health. Dry eyes can be symptomatic of lupus, rheumatoid arthritis or even thyroid disease. Blurred vision may be indicative of diabetes or a tumor, and itchy eyes may be caused by an allergic reaction to contact lenses.